Donald Mackenzie, "King of the Northwest". Astoria. Oregon. St. Louis.
Lower Fort Garry, Montreal. North West Company. Hudson's Bay Company. Pacific Fur
Company. Biography of famous fur trader and Governor of the Red River
Hardbound, Gold Stamped. Price:
212 pages. $35.00
SEE DESCRIPTIVE CONTENTS BELOW.
Donald Mackenzie, (June 15, 1783 - Jan. 20, 1851) fur trader, was born in Scotland, a brother of Sir Roderick Mackenzie of the
North West Company, and a cousin of Sir Alexander Mackenzie, the explorer.
He was educated for the ministry, but instead of entering that profession went to Canada and joined the North West Company. On June 23, 1810 after ten years experience he was engaged by
John Jacob Astor to be one of his partners in the Pacific Fur
Company. With Wilson P. Hunt, he led a band of adventurers by the overland route to the mouth of the Columbia River.
Mackenzie with his group arrived at Fort Astoria Jan. 18, 1812. He later became the head of a large party which engaged in hunting
and trapping. His journeys took him to the rivers Willamette, Columbia and also the Snake, where he established a post.
He left Astoria again in March 1813 and in June returned with 140 packs of furs from Okanagan Post, and Spokane River.
While carrying supplies to the interior that Fall, he was robbed by Indians. Returning to Astoria, he occupied himself storing salmon until his party learned of the War with Great Britain.
Concluding that Astoria would be captured and goods confiscated, he and his partners there sold out to the North West Company, the following Spring.
On Apr. 14, 1814, Mackenzie set out for New York, where he remained for some time seeking re-employment by Astor. Failing to obtain it,
he returned to Canada and again entered the service of the North West Company.
In 1816 he was on the Columbia River, spending his time at Fort George, and Fort William and Spokane House. He rendered valuable
service to the company in developing the rich trade of Southern Idaho. His brigade of 1817 was the first to report a year without casualties, and the quality of furs obtained was considerable.
Mackenzie was retained when the Hudson’s Bay Company consolidated with the North West Company, and in the following year, 1822, established Chatterton House.
In 1824 he was made Chief Factor at Fort Garry on the Red River of the North, and the same year was appointed Councillor of the Governors. Soon thereafter he was made
Governor of Red River Colony, the highest post of the Country, next to the Governor-in-Chief,
which vast province he ruled, judiciously and with kindness. To him is due credit for the peace and progress which prevailed during the following eight years.
He retired in August 1833 and took his family to Mayville, N.Y. where he had an estate. There he lived until his death.
Donald Mackenzie was eminently fitted, both physically and mentally, for life in the wilderness. His knowledge of the Indians was remarkably keen and accurate, and his influence over them was great.
His boldness and prompt decision, in times of danger, helped to awe and conquer them. His ways and accomplishment astonished
his associates; he weighed over 300 pounds, but was so active that he was called ‘perpetual motion’.
In August 1825 at Fort Garry, he married Adelgonde Humbert Droze, by whom he had thirteen children.
Donald Mackenzie’s Early Life - Ancestry - Father Killed in Duel -
Distinguished Cousin and Brothers - His Desire to be an Explorer –
Ernest Cawcroft, Excellent Article in the “Canadian Magazine”! –
Donald Mackenzie Sailed from Scotland to Canada, When Seventeen Years of
Little known of Donald Mackenzie’s First Ten Years in Canada - Similar
to Dumas’ “Twenty Years After” Interval - Joined the North West
Company - L. J. Burpee’s Speech, Delivered at Kingston, Ont., as it
Appeared in “Queen’s Quarterly” - Commenting on the Lack of Written
Knowledge - Successful Careers of his Relatives.
Description of Donald Mackenzie’s Personal Appearance - Extraordinary
Qualifications - Man of Liberal Education and Endowments - Aversion to
Writing his Exploits - Congenial with Every Man - Organization of the
Pacific Fur Company by John Jacob Astor - Mackenzie and Hunt made Partners
- Wherein Mackenzie Excelled - Astor’s Offer to the Nor’ Westers -
Bancroft, Laut and Ross’ Comparison of the Two Leaders.
Departure of the Astorians - Difference of Opinion between Hunt and
Mackenzie Regarding Recruits - Voyageurs at Shrine of Ste. Anne’s - Up
the Ottawa-Mackinaw a Great Bedlam - Rivalry of the Nor’ Westers -
Opposition to Getting Recruits - Ramsay Crooks Taken on as Partner.
Via Fox and Wisconsin Portages, and Down the Mississippi to St. Louis -
Same Hidden Opposition as at Montreal and Mackinaw - Manuel de Lisa and
the Missouri Company - Hunt Regrets Not Taking Mackenzie’s Advice -
Another Partner, Joseph Miller Taken on - Four Hundred & Fifty Miles
up the Missouri, Nov. 16, 1810 - Gaiety of the Canadian Voyageurs - Change
of Leaders - Robt. McLelan Joins Party.
Hunt Returned to St. Louis - Lisa also Sending an Expedition up the
Missouri - Pierre Dorion, a Half-breed Interpreter Secured - Insisted Wife
and Babies to Accompany Him - Party Met Daniel Boone - At the Nodowa River
April 17, 1811 - Historian Skinner’s Comparison of Leaders - Crossing
the “Equator” on the Platte - One Large Boat Armed with Swivel and
Howitzer - Two Frightened Members Were Left Behind - Trouble with the
Adventure with a Ponca - Message from Lisa, who was Pursuing Our Astorians
- Three Kentuckians (One Scalped) Join Party - Donald Mackenzie’s
Strategy with the Sioux - Conference with the Savages - the Pipe of Peace
- Another instance of Donald Mackenzie’s Strategy with the Arickaras -
Arrival of Manuel de Lisa.
Crooks and McLelan bitter Enemies of Lisa - Lisa trying to Induce Dorion
to Join his Party - Chiefs Big Man and Left-Handed - History Making
between Lisa and the Hunt-Mackenzie Party - Chief Gray Eyes Promised to
Steal all the Horses Necessary - Mackenzie and Hunt Traded Boats for
Horses with Lisa.
Succinct Accounts of Astor’s Overland Party by Fuller - Eleven Hundred
Mile Race Won by Lisa - Trading with the Cheyennes - Disappearance of
Pierre Dorion - In the Black Hills - Hunt and Mackenzie Discover New Peaks
of Rocky Mountains - Adventure of Cannon with a Grizzly - Terrible
Suffering from Hunger and Thirst - Donald Mackenzie’s Valuable Dog
Perishes from Thirst.
Flathead, Blackfeet, Shoshones and low Digger Indians - September 9, 1811,
Eighty Miles up the Wind River - Two Snake Indians Captured - Big Buffalo
Hunt by Indians - September 24, 1811, Reached Headwaters of the Columbia -
Thrilling Adventures on the Dangerous Stream - Building Boats Much to the
Delight of Canadian Voyageurs - Joseph Miller Quits Company, October 1811
- Digger Indians Rescued from Starvation.
October 18, 1811, Fifteen Canoes Sailed - Two Snake Indians left to Care
for Horses - Two Canoes upset in brawling Stream - Terrible Rapids, River
never Navigated Before - Shoshones and Snakes fled from Whites - October
28, 1811, Crooks’ and Clippine’s Boat Struck Rock - Clippine drowned
in Roaring Current - Canyon Walls Two Hundred Feet High - Named it the
Cauldron Linn - In Desperation the Partners decide to Divide into Four
Parties - Fuller’s Account of Trip - Quoting L. J. Burpee, Regarding
Mackenzie’s Determination - Eating a Beaver and its Skin.
Letter from Astor to Thomas Jefferson, Esq. - Ramsay Crooks’ Expedition
a Failure - Did not Expect Donald Mackenzie to Succeed - Hunt broke Camp
and Journeyed 472 Miles - Irving says that Mackenzie and Reed were Better
Fitted - Account of Hunt’s Trip from the Devil’s Scuttle Hole.
McLelan and Reed Joined Donald Mackenzie - Decided Best not to Return and
Encumber Hunt - Succeeded in Descending the Snake River, where Hunt and
Crooks Failed - Suffering Terribly from Hunger and Thirst - McLelan
finally Killed a Bighorn - Wild Horses Seen for First Time - Donald
Mackenzie First to Arrive at Astoria, Haggard, Emaciated and in Rags,
January 18, 1812 - Fuller’s Description of Mackenzie’s Terrible Trip.
May 15, 1813, The “Missouri Gazette” Description - Constance
Skinner’s Account - Mackenzie Greeted Hunt and Party upon Arrival -
Comparison of the Two Leaders, Hunt and Mackenzie - “Toronto Globe”
September 13, 1922, Article by Alexander Mackenzie - Series of Mistakes of
Wilson Price Hunt - Pierre Dorion’s Heroic Wife - Canadian Voyageurs
Marrying Indians - Description of Donald Mackenzie’s Appearance, after
Arrival at Astoria.
Destruction of the “Tonquin” and Timely Arrival of Mackenzie - Capt.
Thorn, Another Unfortunate Choice of Astor - Mackenzie Spending Winter
with Indians at the Cascades - John Reed and His Adventures - McLelan’s
Fight with Indians - Kentuckian to the Rescue - Indians Humiliated - Reed
Abandoned his Trip to Deliver Papers to Astor - Rescue of Ramsay Crooks -
Donald Mackenzie Exploring the Willamette, Discovered and Named its Main
Tributary, the McKenzie - Mackenzie’s Adventure, and his Tact with the
Donald Mackenzie Sent to Oppose the Nor’ Westers at Forks of the
Columbia - McLelan and Crooks Willing to Abandon the Party - Robbed by
Indians - Rattlesnakes - Several Partners Withdrawing - Clarke Inactive
and Uncertain, Mackenzie Took over Command - Mackenzie’s Success with
the Indians - Reed Discovered the Cauldron Linn Cache Robbed - Reached
Mackenzie’s Post on the Shahaptan - Arrival of the “Beaver.”
Quoting from Grinnell’s “Beyond the Old Frontier” - Ross’
Comparison of Mackenzie and Clarke - Affairs at Astoria not so Good -
Short of Provisions, Mackenzie was Sent to the Willamette - Mackenzie
Spent Winter Among the Nez Perce Indians - Arrival of John George McTavish
of the North West Company - Handed to Donald Mackenzie Notice of
Declaration of War between Great Britain and the United States - Also
British Warship “Isaac Todd” Expected - Donald Mackenzie Broke Camp,
Hastened to Astoria - Like Paul Revere, He Carried the News, Arriving at
Astoria January 18, 1813.
The Voyage of the “Lark” - David Porter would not Help Hunt - Boldness
of Donald Mackenzie, Recovering the Stolen Property - His Scheme for
Securing Horses - Washington Irving’s Description of Mackenzie’s
Stolen Rifle Episode - Historian Bancroft’s Praise for Donald Mackenzie
- The Rival Mackenzie and McTavish Parties.
Geo. W. Fuller’s Description of the Inland Competition - Ross Cox and
His Adventures - Mackenzie Disgusted with the Nez Perces - News of War -
July 1, 1813, the Partners Resolved to Abandon Astoria - Irish vs. Scotch
- Theft of Mr. Clarke’s Silver Goblet - Clarke Had Indian Thief Executed
- Boasted of it to Mackenzie, Who Censured Him.
McDougall and Mackenzie Agree to Abandon Astoria - Clarke and Stuart,
Disappointed at First, Finally Agree, July 1, 1813 - Mackenzie to go to
the Willamette - All Left Astoria July 5 except Donald Mackenzie -
McDougall Empowered to Arrange with McTavish for a sale to the North West
Company - Hunt Arrived on the “Albatross” and Assented to Sale -
Became Unanimous, as for Astor’s Interests - McTavish and his Nor’
Westers, Gloating Over Prospects - How McTavish Prevented Mackenzie from
Hunt’s Feeling Towards McDougall - McDougall Explained How a Fifty Per
Cent Advance Could Be Obtained for Astoria - McDougall and Some Others
Joined the North West Company - Porter Describes the Abandonment of
Astoria in “Life of John Jacob Astor” - Mackenzie Had Interests of
Astor at Heart - Mackenzie Left on March 31, 1813, to Notify the Winterers
of the Decision - Mackenzie Met a Strong Detachment of Nor’ Westers Up
the Columbia - McTavish Showed Threatening Letters to Donald Mackenzie
Regarding the “Isaac Todd” and Another Frigate; Orders to Destroy
Everything American - Mackenzie’s Activities Vindicated by Historian
Porter - Explains How Irving was Wrong - Mackenzie’s Bluff, Defying the
Capture of Astoria by Capt. Black of the “Raccoon”; Now Named Fort
George - Turned Out Fortunate for U.S. Later - Affairs of Pacific Fur
Company Closed Out - Wilson Price Hunt a Poor Business Man - Donald
Mackenzie’s Opinion of Russia and Alaska - Burpee Describing
Mackenzie’s Strategy when Stranded Among the Indians - Fuller Describes
Mackenzie’s Trouble with the British - McDougall’s Father-in- Law
Chief Concomly - Astor Received $40,000 - All Granted Free Passage to
Result of Astor’s Experiment - Treaty of Ghent - Fortunate for the U.S.
that Astoria was in British Hands - Donald Mackenzie’s Part in Results -
North West Company Files Claims for Losses - History Around the Writer’s
Home, the Niagara Frontier - Letter from Astor to James Monroe, August 17,
1818 - Original Document of Sale from Hudson Bay House, London, England -
Ross and Thwaite and their Version of the Abandonment - Burpee in
“Queen’s Quarterly” Gives His Opinion - Capt. Black’s disgust in
gaining Fort George.
Bancroft’s Story in “History of the Northwest” - Hunt gave McDougall
full Authority in Case of Absence - Bancroft Criticises Irving as Unfair -
Points Out Many Inconsistencies in his “Astoria” - McDougall Defended
- Cawcroft’s Story in “Canadian Magazine” - “History of Lewis and
Clarke Expedition by U.S. Government” takes a Sounder View of
Mackenzie’s Actions - Astor and Mackenzie Joined in Asking U.S. Gov’t
for Renewed Efforts in the Oregon Question - Hunt and Mackenzie Laid the
Foundation for the Large Astor Fortunes - Donald Mackenzie Appointed by
Mr. Hunt to take the Money and Papers to Astor - Mackenzie left Fort
George with Flying Flags.
Mackenzie’s Return Overland Journey Told by Franchere - Rival North West
Company and Hudson’s Bay Company - Up the Columbia, Over the Rockies to
the Athabaska - Down the Saskatchewan, Lake Winnipeg, Rainy Lake, to Fort
William on Lake Superior - Thrilling Trip; Thirty-six Portages in One Day
- July 21, 1814, left Fort William - Capt. McCargo Escaped from Sault Ste.
Marie - War Still Going On - Up the French and Down the Ottawa Rivers -
Irish Pilot Story - Arrived Montreal September 1, 1814 - New York Press
Announces Dissolution of the Pacific Fur Company - Astor Unfriendly to
Donald Mackenzie - Cawcroft’s Concise Account of Mackenzie’s Value to
Donald Mackenzie Again a Nor’ Wester - Back Again at Fort George in 1816
- Mackenzie Placed in Charge of All Trading Posts in the Interior - Keith
and Others Against Him - Loyalty of the Indians to Mackenzie at the
Cascades - Returned to Fort George June 16, 1817 - Historian Ross’
Excellent Description of Mackenzie’s Administration - Could not be
Intimidated by Keith - Mackenzie Departed on Journey Greatly Handicapped -
Successful Despite All Obstacles - Under Mackenzie’s Guidance, the
Establishment was Now a Success.
Grinnell’s Incident of Mackenzie and the Stolen Dog - How Mackenzie
Outwitted the Iroquois - Historian Fuller’s Description of the Keith-
Mackenzie Affairs - Mackenzie’s Record; Whole Year of 1817 without
Bloodshed - His Opponent Now Loud in his Praises - Established Fort Nez
Perces - Bancroft in his History Says Donald Mackenzie Far Surpassed
Anyone in the Northwest - Fort Walla Walla Built on Site Where Lewis and
Clark Fasted - Mackenzie Brought Peace Between Shoshone and Other Tribes -
The Iroquois Traded their Effects for Shoshone Women - Correspondence
Between Ross, Cox, and Mackenzie - Eugene, Oregon, Merchants.
Description of Mackenzie’s Trip Down Snake River - Boasting Kittson and
his Rescue by Donald Mackenzie - Mackenzie and his Brilliant Success over
the Mountain Snake Indians - Returned to Walla Walla June 18, 1820 - Sir
George Simpson regarded Donald Mackenzie as Judicious, Firm, Conciliatory
- Attraction at Spokane House; Fine Women and Horses - Mackenzie and Six
Men Traveled on Snowshoes, Six Hundred Miles - Mackenzie Went Farther
South, Up Bear River than Any White Man - Arrived at Fort, June 1829, with
Record-Breaking Stock of Furs and Horses.
Description of Mackenzie in the Snake and Nez Perce Indians’ country -
Sir Alexander Mackenzie’s Letter regarding his Cousin, Our Hero, Donald
Mackenzie - Ross and Fuller - Regarding Mackenzie’s Motley Crew - News
Regarding the Dorions - Mrs Dorion a Real Heroine - Mackenzie Thinks the
Deaths were Acts of Retribution - Completed his Work on the Columbia -
North West Company Absorbed by the Hudson’s Bay Company - Crossed the
Rockies in Autumn of 1822 - Now about to Enter the Hudson’s Bay
Letters from Alexander Mackenzie, and Donald M. Robertson - Letters from
Sir Alexander Mackenzie to his Cousin Sir Roderick - Regarding the
Mackenzie family - Correspondence between John Jacob Astor and Donald
Mackenzie - Optimistic over Peace between Great Britain and the U.S.A. -
Good opinion of Astor towards Mackenzie - Severing of their connections.
Description of Assiniboia and Red River Colony - Merging of the North West
Company and the Hudson’s Bay Company - Donald Mackenzie established
Chesterfield House - Commission from Nicholas Garry Appointing Mackenzie
as Chief Factor - Letter from John L. Lewis to Governor Simpson
Recommending Mackenzie - Alex Ross’ Opinion of Donald Mackenzie -
Davidson’s Reason for the Merger - The Abbe Carriere story - Sir
Alexander Mackenzie’s Opinion of the Merger, as Writing to his Cousin,
Sir Roderick - Donald Mackenzie now owning a large share of Stock in the
Hudson’s Bay Company.
Death of Sir Alexander - Some of the Mackenzie Family - Sir Roderick a
good Writer - Donald, the Younger Brother, Wished to Emulate his Famous
Relatives - Friendship Between David Thompson and Mackenzie - Quotation
from Wilson’s “The Great Company” - Meaning of “H.B.C.” -
Arrival of Geo. Simpson - An old Nor’ Wester, John Clarke - Many of the
Astorians and Nor’ Westers, now With the Hudson’s Bay Company.
Wonderful tribute to Donald Mackenzie from Gov. in Chief Sir Geo. Simpson
to A. Colvile - Famous letter from Donald Mackenzie to Governor Simpson,
showing his tact and diplomacy worthy of Shakespeare - First mention of
our hero in the “Legislative Records of the Canadian Northwest”, by
Prof. E. H. Oliver - Letter of Gov. Simpson to Wm. Kempt, Esq. - More
praises from Gov. Simpson to A. Colvile - Mackenzie being groomed for
Governor Simpson forming a Police Force - Donald Mackenzie appointed High
Constable - Chief Factor Mackenzie requested to remain for summer, as
absolutely necessary - Governor Simpson’s journal relating to Chief
Factor Mackenzie at Fort Garry - Governor Pelly to go to Europe - Donald
Mackenzie prevailed upon to accept the office of Governor of Red River
Colony - Remarkable tribute to Mackenzie by Simpson, Chester Martin, and
Burpee - Description of the Red River of the North.
Prof. Geo. Bryce Describes the Peculiar Will of Peter Fidler -
Cawcroft’s condensed Account of Mackenzie as Councillor, Chief Factor,
and Governor at 42 Years of Age - How Mackenzie Dealt with the Indians
Regarding Liquor and Women - Donald Mackenzie’s Previous marriage to an
Indian, Daughter of Dr. John McLoughlin, and Cawcroft’s Comments -
Mackenzie Selected for his Previous Columbia River Experiences - Necessary
to have a “Mac” Prefix to Your Name - Story of Hargrave - Pinkerton in
his “Hudson’s Bay Company” comments on Gov. Simpson and his
Arrival of the French Swiss - The future bride of Donald Mackenzie came
via Hudson’s Bay - Date of marriage - Birth of writer’s father - Sir
Geo. Simpson, the Governor was godfather to Noel Simpson Mackenzie, born
on Christmas Day - Women of Red River - Rev. D.T. Jones and the churches -
Alexander Ross’ tribute to Donald Mackenzie - Description of the fine
old Stone Lower Fort Garry.
Donald Mackenzie’s Heroic Work in Winter of 1825 - Prof. Geo. Bryce’s
Excellent Account of the Great Floods of 1826 - Buildings were Undermined
and Washed Away - Letter from Donald Mackenzie to A. Colvile, London,
Regarding Departure of the Swiss and Meurons - Chester Martin in “Oxford
Historical and Literary Studies” gives Mention of Prosperity - Regards
Mackenzie’s Regime as Timely - Donald Mackenzie’s Poetic Letter -
Visits of David Thompson, Sir John Franklin, the Botanist David Douglas,
and Sir Roderick to Donald, at Lower Fort Garry - Description of
Echoes from Astorian Days - Last Will and Testament of John Day, February
15, 1827 - Donald Mackenzie, his Old Friend, Appointed Executor - Lands
and Saltpetre Caves Bequeathed to him - Also Cash to Miss Rachel
Mackenzie, his Daughter, now in Hands of John Jacob Astor - Will Probated
Oct. 28, 1836, Mayville, N.Y. - Description of Doings at the Stone Fort
where Donald Mackenzie Held Sway - Prosperity of a Dozen Towns, Fashions
of London and Paris, and Commerce of the World, often decided on -
Season’s Routine Business on the Lower Red River Society at Red River.
Beautiful Letters from Lady Simpson to Madame Mackenzie - Apologizing for
Not Using French - “Dear little Noel,” was the Writer’s Father -
Another Letter Describing York Factory and the Mosquitoes - Social Life
among Society at Red River Colony - Reverend D.T. Jones very Active -
Cawcroft Comments on Donald Mackenzie’s Success - Burpee in the
“Queen’s Quarterly” Speaks of Letter Sir Geo. Simpson wrote to Sir
Roderick Mackenzie, Regarding his Brother Donald - Praise from
Headquarters, London, regarding Donald Mackenzie’s Work in the Great
Floods of 1826.
Hudson’s Bay Company changing Tactics - Going in for Agriculture -
Governor Simpson on the Final Term of Donald Mackenzie - The Archivist of
Ottawa Sums up Mackenzie’s Achievements - Minutes of last Council at
Fort Garry, May 4, 1832, Regarding Fire done to the Woods - June 8, 1832,
Leave of Absence Granted Donald Mackenzie to Visit Civilization for
Medical Advice - Letter from Hudson’s Bay House, London, Granting
Extension of Leave of Absence until 1835 - Took two Months to Reach him -
Description of the 250th Anniversary of the Hudson’s Bay Company in
A Century Later; Visit of the Author to Lower Fort Garry - Quoting from
his own “Three Transcontinental Sight-seeing Trips” - Another Flood
going on - Arrival at Lower Fort Garry Gate - Welcomed by Mrs Coralie
Harmer - Doubly so When I explained who I was - Miss Katherine Strickard
Detailed to Show me Around - Several Pictures Taken - Comparing my Entry
to Fort with Gov. Simpson’s, a century Before - Letter from “Manitoba
Free Press, Ltd.” - Winnipeg Free Press May 28, 1927, Writes up Visit.
Poetic Comments and the Scotch Mac’s - The Scotch race Predominates in
the Fur Trade - Story of Canadian visiting Rock - Historian Geo. Bryce
regarding Donald Mackenzie - Alexander Mackenzie’s Personal Interview
with Prof. Bryce and the Remarkable Tribute paid Donald Mackenzie, placing
him Before all Others - Proud Description of the Present Day Winnipeg, by
Louis Aubray Wood - Loyalty of Hudson’s Bay Company’s men - Similar to
the Loyalty of the Employees of the Bell Telephone System - Story to prove
it - Burpee tells why the Animosity of Franchere - Cawcroft’s excellent
Exciting Incident in Donald Mackenzie’s Journey to Civilization, as told
to me by his Eldest Child, Jemima - Lucky for the Writer - Donald
Mackenzie’s career similar to Alexander Graham Bell’s - Wm. Mackenzie
Describes how Mackenzie Selected Mayville - Mackenzie and Judge Peacock -
The Holland Land Company’s Riots - Peacock’s Complaint - How Donald
Mackenzie came to the Rescue - John Jacob Astor Desired Shares in the
Holland Land Company - Mayor Sam’l Wilkeson and Millard Fillmore of
Buffalo took Prominent Parts.
Missouri Historical Society seeking Information Regarding Donald Mackenzie
from Dr. Wagner, Washington, D.C. - Notes regarding Kenneth Mackenzie -
The John Day Will and Testament again - Letter from Donald Mackenzie as
the Executor of Day to John Jacob Astor, regarding Claims - Reply of John
Jacob Astor to Donald Mackenzie - Appeal to Astor Regarding the Faithful
Services of Day - Donald Mackenzie gets Judgment from Astor.
Another Letter Relating to the Mackenzie-Astor case - Oregon Historical
Society interested - Information wanted about Donald Mackenzie - Fine
Pamphlet Book issued by T.C. Elliott, describing Donald Mackenzie and the
Oregon Trail - Many Tributes paid him Regarding Geographical Names and
Discoveries - Cawcroft’s Description of Events - Donald Mackenzie in
1843 and 1844 evidently still with the Hudson’s Bay Company in their
Profits - William H. Seward, Personal friend of Donald Mackenzie - Now
living the Life of a Country Gentleman - The Author’s personal Interview
with Madame Mackenzie, his Grandmother.
Rare Letter from Governor Sir Geo. Simpson to Donald Mackenzie - Expecting
to visit him at Mayville - Given News of old-time friends - Splendid
Letter from Lady Simpson to Mrs Mackenzie - She mentions the many “Olive
Branches” around Mrs Mackenzie, meaning Children.
Another newsy Letter from Scotland - Donald Mackenzie again in Demand as
an Executor - Mackenzie had many Investments in the City of Buffalo -
Letter from Donald to Mrs Mackenzie regarding a Slight Injury - Regarding
some of the first Children of Donald Mackenzie and some other Relatives -
Letter January 8, 1851, from Edmonton, from D.D. Grant, regarding Kind
Deeds done by Donald Mackenzie - Last Letter from Governor Sir Geo.
Simpson to Donald Mackenzie, before his death - Talks of Boom in
California and Oregon, and of Dr. John McLoughlin, et al.
Letter from Lady Simpson to Madame Mackenzie after the Death of Donald -
Tells of her Four Children and Mentions Mrs Mackenzie’s Thirteen - Both
Letters are Gems fairly breathing with Domesticity - Beautiful Jemima
mentioned - Proposed trip to Europe - “Buffalo Express” write-up of
Jemima’s Death in her 99th year - Eight grandsons, pallbearers.
How, when, and where Donald Mackenzie met his Death - His Burial - The old
Mackenzie Homestead - Interesting Relics sold - Some of the Relatives have
most of the Valuables - Repeating Irving’s opinion of Donald Mackenzie
Comparing the three Historians, Franchere, Ross, and Cox - Pinkerton sums
up the Lives of the Mackenzies - Fuller closes his account bewailing the
fact of so few journals left by Mackenzie.
“Appleton’s Cyclopaedia of American Biography” published in 1888
regarding Mackenzie - “Dictionary of American Biography” by Charles
Scribner, published in 1933 - Best of all succinct Accounts relating to
Donald Mackenzie - Descendants of Donald Mackenzie - Cawcroft, in the
“Canadian Magazine”, gives useful suggestions.
TRIBES IN THIS BOOK ......205
COLUMN PHOTO......205 & 206
“Appleton’s Cyclopaedia of American Biography”, 1888.
Hubert Bancroft: “History of the Northwest Coast”.
Professor Geo. Bryce’s “Lord Selkirk’s Colonists”
Prof. Geo. Bryce: “Remarkable History of the Hudson’s Bay Company”.
Professor Geo. Bryce: “The Makers of Canada”.
L.J. Burpee: “Queen’s Quarterly,” May, 1919.
Ernest Cawcroft: “Canadian Magazine”, Feb. 1918.
R. C. Clark: “Willamette Valley”.
S. A. Clark: “Pioneer Days of Oregon History”.
G. C. Davidson: “The North West Company”.
T.C. Elliott: “The Earliest Travelers on the Oregon Trail”.
Paul Evans: “Holland Land Company”.
Grace Flandrau: “Astor and the Oregon Country”.
George W. Fuller: “History of the Pacific Northwest”.
George W. Fuller: “Opening the Snake Country”.
George B. Grinnell: “Beyond the Old Frontier”.
W. J. Healy: “Women of Red River”.
Washington Irving: “Astoria”.
Horace S. Lyman: “History of Oregon”.
Alexander Mackenzie: “Life of Donald Mackenzie”
Chester Martin: “Selkirk’s work in Canada”.
“National Fifth Reader” - “The Stolen Rifle”.
Prof. E. H. Oliver: “Canadian Archives”.
Prof. E. H. Oliver: “Legislative Records of the Canadian Northwest”.
Robert E. Pinkerton: “Hudson’s Bay Company”.
Kenneth Porter: “Life of John Jacob Astor”.
Alexander Ross: “Adventures of the First Settlers”.
Alexander Ross: “Fur Traders of the Far West”.
Alexander Ross: “Oregon Settlers”.
Alexander Ross: “The Red River Settlement”.
Charles Scribner: “Dictionary of American Biography”, 1933.
George Simpson: “Journal”.
Constance Skinner: “Adventures of Oregon”.
Beckles Willson: “History of the Hudson’s Bay Company”.
Beckles Willson: “The Great Company”.
Louis A. Wood: “Chronicles of Canada”.
Andrew Young: “History of Chautauqua County”.
Newspapers, Magazines, etc.
Astorian Evening Budget • Buffalo Illustrated Express. • Buffalo Morning Express.
Buffalo Times • London (England) Times • Mayville Sentinel • Missouri Gazette.
New York Press • Telephone Review • Toronto Globe • Winnipeg Free Press
Emmerson Houghton: Saturday Evening Post.
Eugene, Oregon merchants’ folder: McKenzie River Highway.
Eugene, Oregon merchants’ folder: Early History of McKenzie Pass.